Haskell: Basic Reading Int
The objective is to code the game of Nim in Haskell as a school assignment. I'm new to Haskell and get weird behavior when I try to read input.
The goal is to read two integers. Instead of printing the first message, then prompting and then going on to the second one, it just prints the two messages and I'm unable to give proper input. What is wrong here?
type Board = [Int] -- The board type Heap = Int -- id of heap type Turn = (Int, Int) -- heap and number of stars to remove readInt :: String -> IO Int readInt msg = do putStr (msg ++ "> ") inp <- getChar let x = ord inp return x readTurn :: Board -> IO(Turn) readTurn b = do heap <- readInt "Select heap:" amt <- readInt "Select stars:" print heap print amt return(heap, amt)
The problem is that stdout is line-buffered by default, which means that nothing gets output until you print a newline. There are two ways to solve this:
- Use hFlush stdout after printing the prompt to flush the buffer.
- Use hSetBuffering stdout NoBuffering at the start of your program to disable output buffering.
Also, using getChar and ord will read a single character and give you its ASCII value, which is probably not what you wanted. To read and parse a number, use readLn:
import System.IO (hFlush, stdout) readInt :: String -> IO Int readInt msg = do putStr (msg ++ "> ") hFlush stdout readLn
readChar reads only one character at a time. I assume you want instead to read a whole line, convert it to a number (possibly with more than one digit), and continue. You need to use getLine :: IO String and read :: Read a => String -> a:
readInt :: String -> IO Int readInt msg = do putStr (msg ++ "> ") hFlush stdout inp <- getLine return (read inp)