How can a C++ array be value-initialized?

1) In C++, is providing the initializer list {} the same as {0}? Will the statements:

int x[10]={};

int x[10]={0};

both produce the same array with all elements initialized to 0?

2) On systems/compilers where NULL is not 0, do default-value initializations of arrays of pointers set the elements to NULL or to 0? Which of the following statements should/can be used?

int *x[10]={NULL};

int *x[10]={0};

int *x[10]={};

How about new value-initializers using empty parentheses -- do they use NULL or 0 as the initializer?

int **x=new int*[10]();


  1. Yes. Both of those initialisers are equivalent in functionality. The difference is that the second one explicitly initialises the first element to 0, and implicitly value-initialises all remaining elements in the array (which in the case of int, means setting them to 0).

  2. NULL is 0 on all compilers that conform to the C++ standard. In this instance, all three are the same in terms of functionality. NULL is a macro that expands to 0, so the first two are identical in the eyes of the compiler. I'm not sure what the deal will be with C++11, but the value-initialisation of a pointer means setting that pointer to NULL.

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