Rails, Capistrano, Nginx, Unicorn - Application has been already initialized (RuntimeError)

Can anyone shed some light on what exactly this error refers to?

I'm having trouble deploying new versions of the site.

I,  INFO -- : reloading config_file=[snip]/current/config/unicorn.rb
I,  INFO -- : Refreshing Gem list
E, ERROR -- : error reloading config_file=[snip]/current/config/unicorn.rb: Application has been already initialized. (RuntimeError)
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.2.3/lib/rails/application.rb:135:in `initialize!'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.2.3/lib/rails/railtie/configurable.rb:30:in `method_missing'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/releases/20120907085937/config/environment.rb:5:in `<top (required)>'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.2.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:251:in `require'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.2.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:251:in `block in require'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.2.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:236:in `load_dependency'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.2.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:251:in `require'
E, ERROR -- : config.ru:4:in `block in <main>'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/rack-1.4.1/lib/rack/builder.rb:51:in `instance_eval'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/rack-1.4.1/lib/rack/builder.rb:51:in `initialize'
E, ERROR -- : config.ru:1:in `new'
E, ERROR -- : config.ru:1:in `<main>'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn.rb:44:in `eval'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn.rb:44:in `block in builder'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn/http_server.rb:696:in `call'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn/http_server.rb:696:in `build_app!'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn/http_server.rb:677:in `load_config!'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/lib/unicorn/http_server.rb:303:in `join'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/gems/unicorn-4.3.1/bin/unicorn:121:in `<top (required)>'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/bin/unicorn:23:in `load'
E, ERROR -- : [snip]/shared/bundle/ruby/1.9.1/bin/unicorn:23:in `<main>'
I,  INFO -- : reaped #<Process::Status: pid 3182 exit 0> worker=0
I,  INFO -- : reaped #<Process::Status: pid 3185 exit 0> worker=1
I,  INFO -- : reaped #<Process::Status: pid 3188 exit 0> worker=2
I,  INFO -- : reaped #<Process::Status: pid 3191 exit 0> worker=3
I,  INFO -- : worker=0 ready
I,  INFO -- : worker=3 ready
I,  INFO -- : worker=1 ready
I,  INFO -- : worker=2 ready


root = "/home/[user]/apps/[site]/current"
working_directory root
pid "#{root}/tmp/pids/unicorn.pid"
stderr_path "#{root}/log/unicorn.log"
stdout_path "#{root}/log/unicorn.log"

listen "/tmp/unicorn.[site].sock", :backlog => 2048

worker_processes 4

preload_app true

timeout 30

before_fork do |server, worker|
    defined?(ActiveRecord::Base) and ActiveRecord::Base.connection.disconnect!

after_fork do |server, worker|
    defined?(ActiveRecord::Base) and ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection

Any help appreciated - I can pull more config files if required.


Finally got to the bottom of this. After having a re-read of Ryan Bates' Railscasts episode on zero downtime deployment, I noticed that I was issuing the unicorn restart/reload command with HUP and not USR2. In changing this, and re-enabling the code from ginettev's answer (that I had previously disabled in an attempt to understand the issue, I know can deploy as I would like.

The change was as simple as changing my unicorn_init.sh file from:

sig HUP && echo reloaded OK && exit 0
echo >&2 "Couldn't reload, starting '$CMD' instead"
run "$CMD"


sig USR2 && echo reloaded OK && exit 0
echo >&2 "Couldn't reload, starting '$CMD' instead"
run "$CMD"

Hope this helps someone else!

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