How to convert A] to B[A[C]] if A and B are monads?

I'm looking for a more general solution which exploits monads (and monoids possibly) to achieve the same as if( xs.contains(None) ) None else Some(xs.flatten) does for xs of type Seq[Option[A]].

How can I do that with Scalaz? I feel like I'm missing something evident.


Having two monads is both not enough (for M) and more than enough (for N)—which adds up to not enough, of course—but if M has a Traverse instance and N has an Applicative instance, you can use sequence. For example:

import scalaz._, Scalaz._

def foo[A](xs: List[Option[A]]): Option[List[A]] = xs.sequence

This has the semantics you want. Note that I'm using List instead of Seq, since Scalaz 7 no longer provides the necessary Traverse instance for Seq (although you could easily write your own).

As you've noticed, the following won't compile:

List(Some(1), Some(45)).sequence

Although it's fine if you throw a None in there:

scala> List(Some(1), None, Some(45)).sequence
res0: Option[List[Int]] = None

This is because the inferred type of List(Some(1), Some(45)) will be List[Some[Int]], and we don't have an Applicative instance for Some.

Scalaz provides a handy some method that works like Some.apply but gives you something that's already typed as an Option, so you can write the following:

scala> List(some(1), some(45)).sequence
res1: Option[List[Int]] = Some(List(1, 45))

No extra typing necessary.

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