Executable fails with weird exception

I am using ILMerge and Quartz.NET in a C# .NET 4.0 Windows Service application. The app runs fine without using ILMerge, but now that we're nearing shipping release, I wanted to combine all DLLs into a single executable.

Problem is, that ILMerge seems to work fine, but when I run the combined executable, it throws this exception:

Unhandled Exception: Quartz.SchedulerException: ThreadPool type 'Quartz.Simpl.Si
mpleThreadPool' could not be instantiated. ---> System.InvalidCastException: Una
ble to cast object of type 'Quartz.Simpl.SimpleThreadPool' to type 'Quartz.Spi.I
   at Quartz.Util.ObjectUtils.InstantiateType[T](Type type) in :line 0
   at Quartz.Impl.StdSchedulerFactory.Instantiate() in :line 0
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at Quartz.Impl.StdSchedulerFactory.Instantiate() in :line 0
   at Quartz.Impl.StdSchedulerFactory.GetScheduler() in :line 0

Does anyone have any idea why this is? I have been wasting over 4 hours already and I can't figure it out. If I don't combine with ILMerge, then everything runs fine (with the Quartz.dll and Common.Logging.dll in the same directory).

I'm sure someone must have tried packaging Quartz.net up like this before, any ideas?


Disclaimer: I don't know Quartz.NET at all, although I spent some time struggling with ILMerge. When I finally understood its limitations... I stopped using it.

ILMerge'd application tends to have problems with everything which contains the word "reflection". I can guess (I've never used Quartz.NET) that some classes are resolved using reflection and driven by configuration files.

Class is not only identified by its name (with namespace) but also by assembly it is coming from (unfortunatelly it doesn't get displayed in exception message). So, let's assume you had (before ILMerging) two assemblies A (for you Application) and Q (for Quartz.NET). Assembly 'A' was referencing assembly 'Q' and was using a class 'Q:QClass' which was implementing 'Q:QIntf'. After merging, those classes became 'A:QClass' and 'A:QIntf' (they were moved from assembly Q to A) and all the references in code has been replaced to use those (completely) new classes/interfaces, so "A:QClass" is implementing "A:QIntf" now. But, it did not change any config files/embedded strings which may still reference "Q:QClass".

So when application is reading those not-updated config files it still loads "Q:QClass" (why it CAN find it is a different question, maybe you left assembly 'Q' in current folder or maybe it is in GAC - see 1). Anyway, "Q:QClass" DOES NOT implement "A:QIntf", it still implements "Q:QIntf" even if they are binary identical - so you can't cast 'Q:QClass' to 'A:QIntf'.

The not-ideal-but-working solution is to "embed" assemblies instead of "merging" them. I wrote a open-source tool which does it (embedding instead of merging) but it is not related to this question. So if you decide to embed just ask me.

  1. You can test it by removing (hiding, whatever works for you) every single instance of Q.dll on your PC. If I'm right, the exception should say now 'FileNotFound'.

You could try creating your own ISchedulerFactory and avoid using reflection to load all of your types. The StdSchedulerFactory uses this code to creat a threadpool. It's where your error is happening and would be the place to start looking at making changes:

        Type tpType = loadHelper.LoadType(cfg.GetStringProperty(PropertyThreadPoolType)) ?? typeof(SimpleThreadPool);

            tp = ObjectUtils.InstantiateType<IThreadPool>(tpType);
        catch (Exception e)
            initException = new SchedulerException("ThreadPool type '{0}' could not be instantiated.".FormatInvariant(tpType), e);
            throw initException;

The ObjectUtils.InstantiateType method that is called is this one, and the last line is the one throwing your exception:

    public static T InstantiateType<T>(Type type)
        if (type == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("type", "Cannot instantiate null");
        ConstructorInfo ci = type.GetConstructor(Type.EmptyTypes);
        if (ci == null)
            throw new ArgumentException("Cannot instantiate type which has no empty constructor", type.Name);
        return (T) ci.Invoke(new object[0]);

Right after this section in the factory, datasources are loaded using the same pattern and then the jobs themselves are also loaded dynamically which means you'd also have to write your own JobFactory. Since Quartz.Net loads a bunch of bits and pieces dynamically at runtime going down this road means you might end up rewriting a fair amount of things.

Need Your Help

using dropzone.js in webform with master page

asp.net webforms master-pages dropzone.js

I'm trying to get the dropzonejs script to work in a asp.net site with master page and child webforms. I got a good idea how to from this question but that works on a simple webform..how do I get i...

Why are Java native buffers that slow?

java android performance algorithm image-processing

I was trying to optimize a simple region growing algorithm I am running on an Android device. Originally I used an ArrayList to save the points that belong to one region. Each point was described b...