Findbugs, PMD or Checkstyle rule to find access by a field

I have a class caches a set of values internally. These values can be updated periodically and the cached contents will be updated appropriately. As long as users of this class do something like:

public void anyMethod(anyParams) {
    AnyObject value = CacheClass.getValue(anyKey);

Then life will be fine as that "value" will not maintained locally. However if anyone does something like this:

public class MyClass {
    private AnyObject value = CacheClass.getValue(someKey);

Then if the cached value is updated the usage of it may not see the new value.

We use findbugs, checkstyle and PMD in the builds via Sonar. So I am wondering if there is a way to define a rule in any of these systems to detect and flag the second type of usage above. I have never written a rule in any these systems so would appreciate as much advice as possible (like, "well it can be done, but you really don't want to go there..." :)


Following XPath on your AST Node will catch Field declarations that calls your CacheClass method.


How to write PMD Custom Rule

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