How to create a compressed tar archives using compress/gzip and archive/tar?

I'm attempting to create a compressed tar archive using the Go standard library, specifically compress/gzip and archive/tar. I can successfully create a tar archive, but when I try to compress said archive, the resulting tarball can't be decompressed. On OSX, I get "Error 1 - Operation Not Permitted"

To run this code, you'll need a file named foo.txt in the same directory.

package main

import (
    "archive/tar"
    "bytes"
    "compress/gzip"
    "io/ioutil"
    "log"
    "os"
)

func main() {
    var b bytes.Buffer

    // Create a new zip archive.
    w := tar.NewWriter(gzip.NewWriter(&b))

    fi, err := os.Stat("foo.txt")

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    header, err := tar.FileInfoHeader(fi, "")

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    err = w.WriteHeader(header)

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    contents, err := ioutil.ReadFile("foo.txt")

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    _, err = w.Write(contents)

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    err = w.Close()

    // Make sure to check the error on Close.
    err = ioutil.WriteFile("foo.tar.gz", b.Bytes(), 0666)

    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
}

Answers


You need to close the underlying gzip writer so that it you are guaranteed all bytes are flushed out to the file. Like so:

    // gzip writer
    gz := gzip.NewWriter(f)

    // Create a new tar archive.
    w := tar.NewWriter(gz)

    // add things to the tar archive
    // ...

    // make sure the gzip writer flushes any pending bytes
    if err = gz.Close(); err != nil {
            log.Fatal(err)
    }

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