Glassfish v3 / JNDI entry cannot be found problems!

I've been having problems trying to call an EJB's method from a Java Application Client. Here is the code.

EJB Remote Interface

package com.test;

import javax.ejb.Remote;

@Remote
public interface HelloBeanRemote {

    public String sayHello();

}

EJB

package com.test;

import javax.ejb.Stateless;

@Stateless (name="HelloBeanExample" , mappedName="ejb/HelloBean")
public class HelloBean implements HelloBeanRemote {

    @Override
    public String sayHello(){

        return "hola";

    }

}

Main class (another project)

import com.test.HelloBeanRemote;
import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;

public class Main {


    public void runTest()throws Exception{

        Context ctx = new InitialContext();
        HelloBeanRemote  bean = (HelloBeanRemote)ctx.lookup("java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample!com.test.HelloBeanRemote");
        System.out.println(bean.sayHello());

    }


    public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception {

        Main main = new Main();
        main.runTest();

    }

}

Well, what is my problem? JNDI entry for this EJB cannot be found!

java.lang.NullPointerException
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.getRemoteProvider(SerialContext.java:297)
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.getProvider(SerialContext.java:271)
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.lookup(SerialContext.java:430)
        at javax.naming.InitialContext.lookup(InitialContext.java:392)
        at testdesktop.Main.runTest(Main.java:22)
        at testdesktop.Main.main(Main.java:31) Exception in thread "main" javax.naming.NamingException: Lookup failed for 'java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample!com.test.HelloBeanRemote' in SerialContext  [Root exception is javax.naming.NamingException: Unable to acquire SerialContextProvider for SerialContext  [Root exception is java.lang.NullPointerException]]
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.lookup(SerialContext.java:442)
        at javax.naming.InitialContext.lookup(InitialContext.java:392)
        at testdesktop.Main.runTest(Main.java:22)
        at testdesktop.Main.main(Main.java:31) Caused by: javax.naming.NamingException: Unable to acquire SerialContextProvider for SerialContext  [Root exception is java.lang.NullPointerException]
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.getProvider(SerialContext.java:276)
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.lookup(SerialContext.java:430)
        ... 3 more Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.getRemoteProvider(SerialContext.java:297)
        at com.sun.enterprise.naming.impl.SerialContext.getProvider(SerialContext.java:271)
        ... 4 more Java Result: 1

I've trying with different JNDI entries but nothing works (I got this entries from NetBeans console):

INFO: Portable JNDI names for EJB HelloBeanExample : [java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample, java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample!com.test.HelloBeanRemote]

INFO: Glassfish-specific (Non-portable) JNDI names for EJB HelloBeanExample : [ejb/HelloBean, ejb/HelloBean#com.test.HelloBeanRemote]

So I tried with the following entries but I got the same exception :

  1. java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample
  2. java:global/Test/HelloBeanExample!com.test.HelloBeanRemote
  3. ejb/HelloBean
  4. ejb/HelloBean#com.test.HelloBeanRemote

I'm using Netbeans 6.8 and Glassfish v3!

Answers


Actually, your problem is not the lookup of the JNDI reference of your bean or you would get something like that:

Caused by: javax.naming.NameNotFoundException: ejb/HelloBean not found

No, here, I suspect a simple classpath problem, you're simply missing some jar on the classpath of your client project. With GlassFish v3, adding $GF_HOME/modules/gf-client.jar should be enough as mentioned in How do I access a Remote EJB component from a stand-alone java client? in GlassFish's EJB FAQ (my understanding is that this jar is supposed to replace $GF_HOME/lib/appserv-rt.jar which is there for compatibility reasons with GFv2). It is however important to refer the gf-client.jar from the GlassFish installation directory or the jars declared in its manifest won't be found.

gf-client.jar refers to many other .jars from the GlassFish installation directory so it is best to refer to it from within the installation directory itself rather than copying it (and all the other .jars) to another location.

Once you'll have this fixed, you should be able to lookup your bean using the JNDI names that GlassFish outputs in the logs. I'd suggest to use the new portable global JNDI names from Java EE 6.

Just in case, the What is the syntax for portable global JNDI names in EJB 3.1? entry from the GlassFish EJB FAQ provides a nice summary of this new convention. And if you want more information, check out: http://blogs.oracle.com/MaheshKannan/entry/portable_global_jndi_names.


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