C++ Nested classes forward declaration error

I am trying to declare and use a class B inside of a class A and define B outside A. I know for a fact that this is possible because Bjarne Stroustrup uses this in his book "The C++ programming language" (page 293,for example the String and Srep classes).

So this is my minimal piece of code that causes problems

class A{
struct B; // forward declaration
B* c;
A() { c->i; }

struct A::B { 
 * we define struct B like this becuase it
 * was first declared in the namespace A
int i;

int main() {

This code gives the following compilation errors in g++ :

tst.cpp: In constructor ‘A::A()’:
tst.cpp:5: error: invalid use of undefined type ‘struct A::B’
tst.cpp:3: error: forward declaration of ‘struct A::B’

I tried to look at the C++ Faq and the closeset I got was here and here but those don't apply to my situation. I also read this from here but it's not solving my problem.

Both gcc and MSVC 2005 give compiler errors on this


Define the constructor for A AFTER the definition of struct B.

The expression c->i dereferences the pointer to struct A::B so a full definition must be visible at this point in the program.

The simplest fix is to make the constructor of A non-inline and provide a body for it after the defintion of struct A::B.

Need Your Help

Could not get the ReportViewer dll's in GAC

reporting-services reportviewer report-viewer2010

I am trying to load ReportViewer dll's into the GAC. I downloaded the ReportViewer.exe from Microsoft's download website, Unblocked it and ran it as administrator. The installation of package was

About UNIX Resources Network

Original, collect and organize Developers related documents, information and materials, contains jQuery, Html, CSS, MySQL, .NET, ASP.NET, SQL, objective-c, iPhone, Ruby on Rails, C, SQL Server, Ruby, Arrays, Regex, ASP.NET MVC, WPF, XML, Ajax, DataBase, and so on.