Which is faster: in_array() or a bunch of expressions in PHP?

Is it faster to do the following:

 if ($var != 'test1' && $var != 'test2' && $var != 'test3' && $var != 'test4') { ... }

Or:

 if (!in_array($var, array('test1', 'test2', 'test3', 'test4') { ... }

Is there a number of values at which point it's faster to do one or the other?

(In this case, the array used in the second option doesn't alreay exist.)

Answers


i'd strongly suggest just using in_array(), any speed difference would be negligible, but the readability of testing each variable separately is horrible.

just for fun here's a test i ran:

$array = array('test1', 'test2', 'test3', 'test4');
$var = 'test';
$iterations = 1000000;

$start = microtime(true);
for($i = 0; $i < $iterations; ++$i) {
    if ($var != 'test1' && $var != 'test2' && $var != 'test3' && $var != 'test4') {}
}
$end = microtime(true);

print "Time1: ". ($end - $start)."<br />";

$start2 = microtime(true);
for($i = 0; $i < $iterations; ++$i) {
    if (!in_array($var, $array) ) {}
}
$end2 = microtime(true);

print "Time2: ".($end2 - $start2)."<br />";

// Time1: 1.12536692619
// Time2: 1.57462596893

slightly trivial note to watch for, if $var is not set, method 1 takes much longer (depending on how many conditions you test)


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