Restrict MKMapView scrolling

I'm trying to add a custom image to an MKMapView as an MKOverlayView - I need to restrict users from being able to scroll outside the bounds of the overlay. Are there any existing functions to do this? Or any other suggestions?

Thanks, Matt

Answers


If you just want to freeze the map view at the overlay, you could set the map view's region to the overlay's bounds and set scrollEnabled and zoomEnabled to NO.

But that won't let the user scroll or zoom inside the overlay's bounds.

There aren't built-in ways to restrict the map view to the overlay's bounds so you'd have to do it manually. First, make sure your MKOverlay object implements the boundingMapRect property. That can then be used in the regionDidChangeAnimated delegate method to manually adjust the view as needed.

Here's an example of how this could be done. Code below should be in the class that has the MKMapView. Make sure the map view is initially set to a region where the overlay is visible.

//add two ivars to the .h...
MKMapRect lastGoodMapRect;
BOOL manuallyChangingMapRect;

//in the .m...
- (void)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView regionWillChangeAnimated:(BOOL)animated
{
    if (manuallyChangingMapRect)
        return;     
    lastGoodMapRect = mapView.visibleMapRect;
}

- (void)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView regionDidChangeAnimated:(BOOL)animated
{
    if (manuallyChangingMapRect) //prevents possible infinite recursion when we call setVisibleMapRect below
        return;     

    // "theOverlay" below is a reference to your MKOverlay object.
    // It could be an ivar or obtained from mapView.overlays array.

    BOOL mapContainsOverlay = MKMapRectContainsRect(mapView.visibleMapRect, theOverlay.boundingMapRect);

    if (mapContainsOverlay)
    {
        // The overlay is entirely inside the map view but adjust if user is zoomed out too much...
        double widthRatio = theOverlay.boundingMapRect.size.width / mapView.visibleMapRect.size.width;
        double heightRatio = theOverlay.boundingMapRect.size.height / mapView.visibleMapRect.size.height;
        if ((widthRatio < 0.6) || (heightRatio < 0.6)) //adjust ratios as needed
        {
            manuallyChangingMapRect = YES;
            [mapView setVisibleMapRect:theOverlay.boundingMapRect animated:YES];
            manuallyChangingMapRect = NO;
        }
    }
    else
        if (![theOverlay intersectsMapRect:mapView.visibleMapRect])
        {
            // Overlay is no longer visible in the map view.
            // Reset to last "good" map rect...
            [mapView setVisibleMapRect:lastGoodMapRect animated:YES];
        }   
}

I tried this with the built-in MKCircle overlay and seems to work well.


EDIT:

It does work well 95% of the time, however, I have confirmed through some testing that it might oscillate between two locations, then enter an infinite loop. So, I edited it a bit, I think this should solve the problem:

// You can safely delete this method:
- (void)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView regionWillChangeAnimated:(BOOL)animated {

}

- (void)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView regionDidChangeAnimated:(BOOL)animated {
     // prevents possible infinite recursion when we call setVisibleMapRect below
    if (manuallyChangingMapRect) {
        return;
    }

    // "theOverlay" below is a reference to your MKOverlay object.
    // It could be an ivar or obtained from mapView.overlays array.

    BOOL mapContainsOverlay = MKMapRectContainsRect(mapView.visibleMapRect, theOverlay.boundingMapRect);

    if (mapContainsOverlay) {
        // The overlay is entirely inside the map view but adjust if user is zoomed out too much...
        double widthRatio = theOverlay.boundingMapRect.size.width / mapView.visibleMapRect.size.width;
        double heightRatio = theOverlay.boundingMapRect.size.height / mapView.visibleMapRect.size.height;
        // adjust ratios as needed
        if ((widthRatio < 0.6) || (heightRatio < 0.6)) {
            manuallyChangingMapRect = YES;
            [mapView setVisibleMapRect:theOverlay.boundingMapRect animated:YES];
            manuallyChangingMapRect = NO;
        }
    } else if (![theOverlay intersectsMapRect:mapView.visibleMapRect]) {
        // Overlay is no longer visible in the map view.
        // Reset to last "good" map rect...
        manuallyChangingMapRect = YES;
        [mapView setVisibleMapRect:lastGoodMapRect animated:YES];
        manuallyChangingMapRect = NO;
    } else {
        lastGoodMapRect = mapView.visibleMapRect;
    }
}

And just in case someone is looking for a quick MKOverlay solution, here is one:

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];

    MKCircle* circleOverlay = [MKCircle circleWithMapRect:istanbulRect];
    [_mapView addOverlay:circleOverlay];

    theOverlay = circleOverlay;
}

- (MKOverlayView *)mapView:(MKMapView *)mapView viewForOverlay:(id<MKOverlay>)overlay {
    MKCircleView* circleOverlay = [[MKCircleView alloc] initWithCircle:overlay];
    [circleOverlay setStrokeColor:[UIColor mainColor]];
    [circleOverlay setLineWidth:4.f];

    return circleOverlay;
}

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