In Python, how do I check if a variable exists?

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Why do you need to know? If the code breaks because of this, it's probably because the code is wrong anyway and needs to be fixed.

That said, try checking if 'x' in locals() or if 'x' in globals(), as appropriate to where you're expecting it to be.


As they say in Python, "it's better to ask forgiveness than permission". So, just try and access the variable, and catch the error if it doesn't exist.

try:
    x
    print "x exists"
except UnboundLocalError:
    print "x doesn't exist"

However, I would really like to know why you think you need to do this. Usually, you would always set the variable before checking its value.


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