What does the look ahead in Regex do?

I need help deciphering Regex


This came from showdown.js

(\*\*|__)          match ** or __
(?=\S)             -> look ahead for *one* non-space character? what for? 
([^\r]*?\S[*_]*)   -> zero or more non-carriage-returns, why newlines \n allowed?, one non-space, zero or more * or _ characters
\1                 ends with 1st capture: ** or __

I mainly don't get the 2nd & 3rd lines


I'll take a stab at the second part (keep in mind I guess based on the knowledge that this is a JS Markdown parser):

The lookahead assertion (?=\S) is probably there in case someone wants to write two asterisks ** or two underscores __ without wanting to bold the text that comes after it that is separated by a space (see what I did there?).

** This text will not be bold. **
**This text will be bold.**

** This text will not be bold. ** This text will be bold.

Need Your Help

CAS: credentials don't get validated if the login page is idle

java cas jasig

I have a situation in which, if the login page stays idle for sometime then the entered credentials don't get validated and nothing happens. Instead same login page is displayed clearing the entered

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