Is it possible to replace (monkeypatch) PHP functions?

You can do this in Python, but is it possible in PHP?

>>> def a(): print 1
>>> def a(): print 2
>>> a()


<? function var_dump() {} ?>
Fatal error: Cannot redeclare var_dump() in /tmp/- on line 1


This is a bit late, but I just want to point out that since PHP 5.3, it is actually possible to override internal functions without using a PHP extension.

The trick is that you can redefine an internal PHP function inside a namespace. It's based on the way PHP does name resolution for functions:

Inside namespace (say A\B), calls to unqualified functions are resolved at run-time. Here is how a call to function foo() is resolved:

  1. It looks for a function from the current namespace: A\B\foo().
  2. It tries to find and call the global function foo()

No, it is not possible to do this as you might expect.

From the manual:

PHP does not support function overloading, nor is it possible to undefine or redefine previously-declared functions.

HOWEVER, You can use runkit_function_redefine and its cousins, but it is definitely not very elegant...

You can also use create_function to do something like this:

$func = create_function('$a,$b','return $a + $b;');
echo $func(3,5); // 8
$func = create_function('$a,$b','return $a * $b;');
echo $func(3,5); // 15

As with runkit, it is not very elegant, but it gives the behavior you are looking for.

I realize this question is a bit old, but Patchwork is a recently-released PHP 5.3 project that supports redefinition of user-defined functions. Though, as the author mentions, you will need to resort to runkit or php-test-helpers to monkey-patch core/library functions.

Kind of. See

As jmikola mentioned, Patchwork is a good solution if you want to add code to a function.

Here's an article about how it works:

It comes with some sample code. I think the phpmyweb version uses a slightly better code, because he doesn't use eval()'d code, unlike patchwork. You can cache opcodes when using eval().

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