# Plot a geographical map with symbols according to frequencies

I would like to plot a geographical map with n numbers of squares according to the frequency of a disease within a county. Like this one here: But I couldn't figure out how to do this with R or qGIS. Thanks for y'all help.

First write a little function called 'stackbox' that plots (using "rect") the squares for the stack in the right place.

Here's the first line of that function:

```stackbox <- function(x,y,n,size,maxheight=5){
```
• where 'size' is the height and width of the boxes, and 'maxheight' lets you have a stack that is 5 high or 10 high or whatever.

Then call that function for every county that has cases.

Where exactly were you stuck in the process?

Here's the function in full:

```stackbox <- function(x,y,n,size,maxheight=5,...){
stackheight = seq(0,n,by=maxheight)
stackheight=diff(unique(c(stackheight,n)))

for(col in 1:length(stackheight)){
xl=rep(x+(col-1)*size,stackheight[col]) - (length(stackheight)/2)*size
yb=y+size*((1:stackheight[col])-1) - (max(stackheight)/2)*size
xr=xl+size
yt=yb+size
rect(xl,yb,xr,yt,...)
}
}
```

Example:

```plot(1:10)
for(i in 1:10){
stackbox(i,i,i,3,size=.1,col="red",border="white")
}
```

To do this on a map, you need the sp and maptools packages, and a shapefile or other geospatial data source that has your data in it:

```africa=readShapeSpatial(file.path(mapLib,"africa.shp"))
plot(africa,border="gray")
coords=coordinates(africa)
for(i in 1:nrow(africa)){
if(cases[i]>0){
stackbox(coords[i,1],coords[i,2],africa\$cases[i],1,border="#606060",col="#0083FE")
}
}
``` I've picked colours that look a bit like your original. Note that the boxes are in plot coordinates, so I had to make them 0.1 of a degree. You may wish to transform your map to a euclidean projection (using spTransform from package:gdal) and then they'll be in those units and properly square.

Doing nice text labels like in your original would be tricky though...

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