rake db:schema:load could not find a table

EDIT from normalocity: My answer hasn't been able to solve this problem, so I'm posting a bounty for alternate solutions.


Original question:

I started to work on a Rails project a week ago, changing many times the database schema using migrations. Yesterday I try to create my database (developement environnement, default configuration) from scratch using these commands :

rake db:drop
rake db:create
rake db:schema:load

I got this message when loading the schema using --trace option :

** Invoke db:schema:load (first_time)
** Invoke environment (first_time)
** Execute environment
rake aborted!
Could not find table 'galleries'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/sqlite_adapter.rb:439:in `table_structure'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/sqlite_adapter.rb:322:in `columns'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:95:in `block (2 levels) in initialize'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:185:in `with_connection'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:92:in `block in initialize'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:106:in `yield'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:106:in `default'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:106:in `block in initialize'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:717:in `yield'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:717:in `default'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:717:in `columns_hash'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/locking/optimistic.rb:145:in `locking_enabled?'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/relation.rb:110:in `to_a'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/relation/finder_methods.rb:159:in `all'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.1.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:441:in `all'
/home/fabien/Dropbox/portfolio/app/admin/photos.rb:10:in `block in <top (required)>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/dsl.rb:13:in `instance_eval'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/dsl.rb:13:in `run_registration_block'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/namespace.rb:171:in `parse_registration_block'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/namespace.rb:50:in `register'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/application.rb:87:in `register'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin.rb:60:in `register'
/home/fabien/Dropbox/portfolio/app/admin/photos.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `block in load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `block in load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:640:in `new_constants_in'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/application.rb:132:in `block in load!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/application.rb:132:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/application.rb:132:in `load!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/application.rb:155:in `routes'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin.rb:63:in `routes'
/home/fabien/Dropbox/portfolio/config/routes.rb:9:in `block in <top (required)>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/actionpack-3.1.3/lib/action_dispatch/routing/route_set.rb:258:in `instance_exec'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/actionpack-3.1.3/lib/action_dispatch/routing/route_set.rb:258:in `eval_block'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/actionpack-3.1.3/lib/action_dispatch/routing/route_set.rb:235:in `draw'
/home/fabien/Dropbox/portfolio/config/routes.rb:1:in `<top (required)>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `block in load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `block in load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:640:in `new_constants_in'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:234:in `load'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application/routes_reloader.rb:29:in `block in load_paths'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application/routes_reloader.rb:29:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application/routes_reloader.rb:29:in `load_paths'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application/routes_reloader.rb:13:in `reload!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application.rb:87:in `reload_routes!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/reloader.rb:34:in `reload!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/reloader.rb:28:in `block in initialize'
/    var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb:32:in `call'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb:32:in `execute_if_updated'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activeadmin-0.3.4/lib/active_admin/reloader.rb:45:in `block in attach!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/callbacks.rb:404:in `_run_prepare_callbacks'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/callbacks.rb:81:in `run_callbacks'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/actionpack-3.1.3/lib/action_dispatch/middleware/reloader.rb:46:in `prepare!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application/finisher.rb:41:in `block in <module:Finisher>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/initializable.rb:30:in `instance_exec'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/initializable.rb:30:in `run'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/initializable.rb:55:in `block in run_initializers'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/initializable.rb:54:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/initializable.rb:54:in `run_initializers'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application.rb:96:in `initialize!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/railtie/configurable.rb:30:in `method_missing'
/home/fabien/Dropbox/portfolio/config/environment.rb:5:in `<top (required)>'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:240:in `require'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:240:in `block in require'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `block in load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:640:in `new_constants_in'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:223:in `load_dependency'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/activesupport-3.1.3/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:240:in `require'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application.rb:83:in `require_environment!'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/railties-3.1.3/lib/rails/application.rb:193:in `block (2 levels) in initialize_tasks'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:205:in `call'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:205:in `block in execute'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:200:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:200:in `execute'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:158:in `block in invoke_with_call_chain'
/usr/lib/ruby/1.9.1/monitor.rb:201:in `mon_synchronize'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:151:in `invoke_with_call_chain'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:176:in `block in invoke_prerequisites'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:174:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:174:in `invoke_prerequisites'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:157:in `block in invoke_with_call_chain'
/usr/lib/ruby/1.9.1/monitor.rb:201:in `mon_synchronize'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:151:in `invoke_with_call_chain'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/task.rb:144:in `invoke'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:116:in `invoke_task'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:94:in `block (2 levels) in top_level'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:94:in `each'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:94:in `block in top_level'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:133:in `standard_exception_handling'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:88:in `top_level'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:66:in `block in run'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:133:in `standard_exception_handling'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/lib/rake/application.rb:63:in `run'
/var/lib/gems/1.9.1/gems/rake-0.9.2.2/bin/rake:33:in `<top (required)>'
/usr/local/bin/rake:19:in `load'
/usr/local/bin/rake:19:in `<main>'
Tasks: TOP => db:schema:load => environment

As Rails beginner, I have no idea how to solve this issue especially my schema.rb have commands to create th galleries table.

My code is available here: https://github.com/fabienengels/portfolio

Answers


You need to modify your /app/admin/photos.rb

# /app/admin/photos.rb
index :as => :grid, :columns => 6 do |photo|
    Gallery.all.each do |gallery|
      scope gallery.slug.to_sym do |photos|
        photos.where(:gallery_id => gallery)
      end
    end
    # link_to(image_tag(photo.file.url(:thumb)), admin_photo_path(photo))
end

you need to put that code inside the index block. I commented out your link tag there. I'll leave it up to you to figure out how to design your grid/block/whatever. just make sure it's in the index scope. Good luck.


So the issue is that when your app loads, it's loading up your activeadmin stuff. That in turn ends up running Gallery.all to know what scopes to setup.

Running a rake task like schema:load still loads the app, so it's still trying to do Gallery.all but you've just dropped/recreated the db so it's quite rightly saying that the table isn't there.

What you'd like to be able to do is tell ActiveAdmin not to bother configuring itself, as you're just running some migrations.

Luckily, there is a global variable $rails_rake_task that is set in those cases. I'd try not running the code in your active_admin initialiser whenever $rails_rake_task is true or if that doesn't work also not doing any activeadmin configuration (e.g. the stuff in app/admin/photos) if $rails_rake_task is true.


I've never used ActiveAdmin before, but from the documentation, but it seems like you can only reference a single model within an ActiveAdmin.register block, or that you simply haven't made the Gallery model visible inside of this file.

So, in app/admin/photos.rb where you have

ActiveAdmin.register Photo do
  ...

  Gallery.all.each do |gallery|              # <= this is invalid, because this file 
    scope gallery.slug.to_sym do |photos|    # doesn't know what `Gallery` (and therefore
      photos.where(:gallery_id => gallery)   # `galleries` table`) is referring to
    end
  end

  ....
end

I'm not sure how to do nested ActiveAdmin registrations, or even if you can, but the error message you're getting is telling you that Gallery is not accessible within the scope of this file, and therefore, it's like, "What 'galleries table? We have no 'galleries' table here.".

So, you could try one of these two things to resolve it and see what happens - hopefully this is either the answer, or will lead you to the answer:

  • At the very top of the app/admin/photos.rb file, add this exact line:
    • require '../models/gallery'
  • If that doesn't work, then instead of Gallery.all.each... try
    • ActiveAdmin.register Gallery do followed by that same block

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