Sort across multiple columns (Perl)

How would I go about sorting across multiple columns for the below code?

Currently, the code: 1. Gets a @list of files in a $directory 2. Uses regex to get the $fileName, $fileLocation and $fileSize for each element in @list 3. Prints out the 3 values in (2) into 3 fixed-width columns 4. Then prints out the total number of files and directory size

I would like the output to display sorted by: 1. $fileName then 2. $fileLocation then 3. $fileSize

$directory = '/shared/tmp';
$count = 0;

@list = qx{du -ahc $directory};

printf ("%-60s %-140s %-5s\n", "Filename", "Location", "Size");

foreach(@list) {
  chop($_);                                                     # remove newline at end
  if (/^(.+?K)\s+(.+\/)(.+\.[A-Za-z0-9]{2,4})$/) {              # store lines with valid filename into new array
#    push(@files,$1);
    $fileSize = $1;
    $fileLocation = $2;
    $fileName = $3;
    if ($fileName =~ /^\./) {
      next; }
    printf ("%-60s %-140s %-5s\n", $fileName, $fileLocation, $fileSize);
  else {

print "Total number of files: $count\n";

$total = "$list[$#list]";
$total =~ s/^(.+?)\s.+/$1/;
print "Total directory size: $total\n";


You can specify your own sorting algorithm and give it to sort!

A sample implementation

Push your results (in a hash reference) into an array called @entries, and use something like the below.

my @entries;


# inside your loop

  push @entries, {
    'filename' => $fileName,
    'location' => $fileLocation,
    'size'     => $fileSize


my @sorted_entries = sort {
  $a->{'filename'} cmp $b->{'filename'} || # use 'cmp' for strings
  $a->{'location'} cmp $b->{'location'} ||
  $a->{'size'}     <=> $b->{'size'}        # use '<=>' for numbers
} @entries;

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